Israel at 70

Hi everyone! Welcome to our Israel at 70 project. This is just one of the ways Noam as a movement is marking the 70th anniversary of Israel’s independence. The project involves Noamniks from all ages choosing a picture from a year of Israel’s independence, and writing a short piece about what it means to them, and their personal connection to Israel.

The pictures will be published every day in the lead up to Yom Haatzmaut, cycling through the years until we reach the present day! Noam’s connection with Israel is vital, meaningful and special, and we aim to educate Noamniks on all our events about the importance of understanding Israel’s history, grappling with its issues, and forming a purposeful relationship with the country.

The Israel at 70 project demonstrates the commitment of our movement to Israel and its history, as well the cultivation of young engaged Zionists!

Noah Libson,
Zionism Tafkid

Below you will find the timeline which we will update as the project goes on.

Israel at 70

2017 – A united Jerusalem?

2017 was an important year for many reasons. It was personally special as I was lucky enough to be a Madricha for Israel tour! Arguably, just as important, was the controversial announcement of the Trump administration that the US intended to move their embassy to Jerusalem, recognising it officially as the undivided capital of the … Continue reading 2017 – A united Jerusalem?

2016 – Wildfires in Haifa

Israelis in Haifa wake up to flashes of light, the screech of sirens and the rush of action. Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu vows roars on the television, vowing to avenge a new form of terror. 80,000 are evacuated from their homes as accusations fly at Palestinian suspects. The wildfires in near Haifa in November 2016 … Continue reading 2016 – Wildfires in Haifa

2015 – Violence at Al-Aqsa

I was in Israel three times in 2015, for a total of two months. I spent a month in the Conservative Yeshiva and three weeks at the Hebrew University over the summer, and a week on a political trip organised by UJS in December. The atmosphere was noticeably different on my third visit. Violent clashes … Continue reading 2015 – Violence at Al-Aqsa

2014 – Operation Protective Edge

From the 8th of July until the 25th of August Israel engaged in a violent conflict against Hamas ruled Gaza called "Operation Protective Edge". It was launched by Israel in response to the brutal kidnapping and murder of three Israeli teenagers hitchhiking home by Hamas members. In response to the air and ground attacks on … Continue reading 2014 – Operation Protective Edge

2013 – There is a future

In January 2013, Israel saw one of its more interesting Knesset elections. Whilst the overall outcome resulted in Netanyahu’s re-election as Prime Minister, something far less precedented had happened simultaneously; a brand-new party, Yesh Atid (‘There is a Future’), led by former broadcast news host, Yair Lapid, became the second largest party represented in the … Continue reading 2013 – There is a future

2012 – Occupy Rothschild

Thousands marched through Tel Aviv in an attempt to reignite the social justice movement that had swept through Israel the previous summer. Amongst the 7000 strong group, chants included “The people demand Social Justice” and “Democracy! Democracy!”. Although a smaller scale protest than those that took place during the previous year, the police responded with … Continue reading 2012 – Occupy Rothschild

2011 – Alexander Shatilov

In 2011, Israeli gymnast Alexander Shatilov won a bronze in the flour exercise at the World Championships in Tokyo. It was a momentous moment for an Israeli gymnastics.

2010 – Charedi Schools

On July 10th 2010 a bill was introduced in the Knesset which proposed that Haredi Jewish schools should be forced to teach the core subjects such as English and Maths.

2009 – Ada Yonath

In 2009, Ada Yonath won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry. This made her the first Israeli woman to receive a Nobel Prize, the first woman from the Middle East to a Nobel Prize in the sciences and the first woman in 45 years to win a Nobel Prize for Chemistry. However, she commented that there … Continue reading 2009 – Ada Yonath

2008 – Olympics

Israel sent Forty-Three world class Athletes to compete at the 2008 Summer Olympics, making Israel’s fourteenth participation in the Summer Olympics the second biggest team they have ever sent (47 participated in 2016). Despite such a large team Israel achieved only one medal, a bronze in the men’s sailboard event by athlete Shahar Tzuberi. However … Continue reading 2008 – Olympics

2007 – Founding of Hapoel Katamon

2007 saw Shimon Peres elected as president, Israel’s first Muslim minister, the teachers’ association staging the longest strike the Israeli education system has seen, the opening of the 471 highway, the Annapolis Conference and the death of Teddy Kollek. All were significant events in one way or another and most likely featured in national news. … Continue reading 2007 – Founding of Hapoel Katamon

2006 – The Second Lebanon War

2006 was the year of the Lebanon War. It was brutal and bloody, with accusations of indiscriminate targeting of military and civilians on both sides. The thirty-four day conflict resulted in two thousand deaths, thousands more injured, and a military stalemate - both sides stubbornly claimed victory. In remembering this period of violence we should … Continue reading 2006 – The Second Lebanon War

2005 – New technologies

2005 was an interesting and ground-breaking year for technology in Israel, especially from the stand point of automobiles. In 2005, Israel developed the world’s first self-sustaining car that generated its own renewable fuel. The car, developed by Engineuity, created hydrogen using metals such as Magnesium and Aluminium. The system was developed to solve the problems … Continue reading 2005 – New technologies

2004 – Gal Fridman takes gold

Gal Fridman is an Israeli windsurfer and Israel’s only Olympic Gold Medalist and was born in 1975. He won a Bronze Medal in the Atlanta 1996 Summer Olympics, and his Gold Medal in the Athens 2004 Summer Olympics. He is the only Israeli athlete to win two Olympic Medals, and the first (and so far … Continue reading 2004 – Gal Fridman takes gold

2003 – Road Map for Peace

As the Second Intifada continued, the United States, the European Union, the United Nations and Russia (“the Quartet on the Middle East”) to propose the “Road Map for Peace” to resolve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The final draft of this plan was announced by George W Bush on 30 April. The Roadmap had three phases intended … Continue reading 2003 – Road Map for Peace

2002 – I Raise Up my Eyes during the Second Intifada

By Rabbi Roni Tabick During the height of the Second Intifada, I was in Jerusalem studying at the Conservative Yeshiva – something my parents back in London had very mixed feelings about. On the one hand, as rabbis, they were proud that their son had chosen to spend his year out between school and university … Continue reading 2002 – I Raise Up my Eyes during the Second Intifada

2001 – The course of the conflict shifts; separation ensues

In 2001, the Intifada continued to rage on with around 670 people from both sides killed as a result of the conflict. Prime Minister Ehud Barak resigned following the failed agreements with the Palestinians and Ariel Sharon from the right-wing Likud party was elected Prime Minister. Ariel Sharon was a decorated military commander, who had … Continue reading 2001 – The course of the conflict shifts; separation ensues

2000 – Israel in turmoil

At the turn of the millenium, and 52 years old, the State of Israel endured a tumultuous year. Events started to unfold in June, when Israel withdrew entirely from Lebanon, having invaded in 1982 and occupied a security zone (comprising 10% of the country) since ‘85. As a result of the Israeli pullout, the South … Continue reading 2000 – Israel in turmoil

1999 – Tal Committee

In 1999 Ehud Barak (the most highly decorated soldier in Israel’s history) was elected as Israel’s tenth prime minister following a vote of no confidence in Benjamin Netanyahu’s government. On August 22nd, Barak appointed the Tal committee to deal with the controversial issue of the exemption of ultra-orthodox Jews from military service. This had little … Continue reading 1999 – Tal Committee

1998 – Ups and Downs

A common association with Israel is the ongoing conflict between the Palestinian’s and the Israeli’s. Unfortunately, there were several terrorist attacks that resulted in causalities such as when a Hamas terrorist threw two grenades at the border police jeep in Hebron on the 30th of September, injuring 14 of our soldiers and 11 Palestinians. 1998 … Continue reading 1998 – Ups and Downs

1997 – Maccabiah Bridge Collapse

By Benji Rose (Chanich and Moezta Rep) On July 14, 1997 a pedestrian bridge over the Yarkon River collapsed. The collapse injured 60 Australian athletes attending the 1997 Maccabiah Games. 4 people were killed, one due to falling from the bridge, and 3 others due to getting infections from the polluted river. The five designers … Continue reading 1997 – Maccabiah Bridge Collapse

1996 – Bat-Chen Shahak

By Hannah Strauss (Bogeret abd Rosh) In 1996, on her 15th birthday, Bat-Chen Shahak was killed by a suicide bomber in the Dizengoff Center. This terror attack killed 20 people and injured 75, including children celebrating Purim.   At the tender age of 10, Bat-Chen started writing her first diary in response to the Gulf … Continue reading 1996 – Bat-Chen Shahak

1995 – Assassination of Yitzhak Rabin

On 4 November 1995, Yitzhak Rabin was due to speak at a rally in Tel Aviv supporting the Oslo Accords. After the rally, Rabin walked down the steps of City Hall to his car, where he was fatally shot three times by an Jewish Israeli ultranationalist named Yigal Amir. Amir was firmly against the peace … Continue reading 1995 – Assassination of Yitzhak Rabin

1994 – Peace with Jordan

A year which is best remembered as one that provided hope for peace, 1994 saw Israel and one of its biggest neighbours settle for an end to violence. Over two pieces of paper, The State of Israel that had formally been at war with Jordan since 1948, had agreed that both countries should be in … Continue reading 1994 – Peace with Jordan

1993 – Oslo Accords

On the 13th September 1993, one of the most widely circulated photos of Yitzhak Rabin, Yasser Arafat and Bill Clinton was taken on the White House lawn, signifying the first ever peace agreement between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organisation (PLO). There was hope that this would pave the way for Palestinian elections to create … Continue reading 1993 – Oslo Accords

1992 – Yitzhak Rabin is elected

‘Don't discard me, baby don't Just because you think I mean, you harm But these cuts I have (cuts I have) They need love (they need love, they need love) To help them heal’ Elton John and George Michael 1992 marked the prime of my teenage years, for me an incredible time of optimism and … Continue reading 1992 – Yitzhak Rabin is elected

1991 – Operation Solomon

Ethiopia has long been home to small Jewish population, known as the Beta Yisrael. In 1991, Ethiopia began to destabilise as the Soviet Union relinquished control of the area. This left the country at the mercy of various rebel groups vying for control, which left Israel concerned about the safety of the Beta Yisrael. Feeling … Continue reading 1991 – Operation Solomon

1990 – USSR open borders

The 1990s Post-Soviet aliyah began en masse in the late 1980s when the government of Mikhail Gorbachev opened the borders of the USSR and allowed Jews to leave the country for Israel. Between 1989 and 2006, about 1.6 million Soviet Jews and their non-Jewish relatives and spouses, emigrated from the former Soviet Union, of this amount about 61% migrated to Israel. As the wave of emigration … Continue reading 1990 – USSR open borders

1989 – Mass Soviet immigration

In 1989 Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev lifted restrictions on emigration, allowing Soviet Jews who wanted to make aliyah to do so. That same year 12,000 of them immigrated to Israel by the Law of Return. They set up stock in places like Haifa, Be’er Sheva and Tel Aviv, among others. Although there was some tension … Continue reading 1989 – Mass Soviet immigration

1988 – Palestinian declaration of independence

In 1988 Israel’s right to exist was recognised following the Palestinian Declaration of Independence which was proclaimed by Yasser Arafat, the chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organisation (PLO). Whilst the declaration did not explicitly recognise the State of Israel, Yasser Arafat, who was then elected as the first President of the State of Palestine, acknowledged … Continue reading 1988 – Palestinian declaration of independence

1987 – Israel at Eurovision

Israel competed in the 32nd Eurovision Song contest in Brussels, Belgium. The entry by the ‘Lazy Bums,’ a comedic duo consisting of Avi Kushnir and Natan Datner dressed in black suits and ties, with black sunglasses shading their eyes, emanating a Blues Brothers style. They sang the very catchy song ‘Shir Habatlanim’ (The Bum’s Song) … Continue reading 1987 – Israel at Eurovision

1986 – Attack foiled

On the 16th of April 1986, a terrorist attack on Israel was foiled. Working with members of the Syrian embassy in London, Jordanian Nizar Hindawi had secretly planted a bomb in the bag of his fiance Anne-Marie Murphy while helping her pack for her flight from London to Israel, where he had told her they … Continue reading 1986 – Attack foiled

1985 – HaBonim train disaster

On 11th June 1985, near Moshav HaBonim south of Haifa, a train crashed at 60 mph into a bus of 7th grade schoolchildren on a trip from Y. H. Brenner middle school in Petach Tikva, killing 22 people (19 students, a teacher, a parent and the bus driver). The accident occurred just a mile from … Continue reading 1985 – HaBonim train disaster

1984 – Operation Moses

In November 1984, the first group of Ethiopian Jews arrived in Israel through ‘Operation Moses’. This operation facilitated the undercover evacuation of Ethiopian Jewish individuals from Sudan during the civil war that was occurring at the time. Its aim was to help this community to escape hardship and introduce them to new lives in the … Continue reading 1984 – Operation Moses

1983 – The end of an era

The Political Legacy of Menachem Begin Following a resounding political career as Israeli Prime Minister from 1977, 1983 saw the end of an era for Zionist leader Menachem Begin. After commanding the militant paramilitary group Irgun Zvai Leumi from 1943-8, Begin formed the Herut ‘Freedom’ Party and became the official leader of the opposition in … Continue reading 1983 – The end of an era

1982 – Yehuda Amichai wins the Israel Prize for Hebrew Poetry

By Hannah Kashman (Mazkira) Yehuda Amichai (1924 – 2000) is regarded by many, both in Israel and internationally, as Israel’s greatest modern poet. His contribution to Israeli culture was formally recognised when he received the Israel Prize for Hebrew poetry in 1982, the most prestigious honour the country can bestow upon a citizen.  The prize … Continue reading 1982 – Yehuda Amichai wins the Israel Prize for Hebrew Poetry

1981 – The Golan Heights Law

By Harry Jacobs (Movement Worker 5778 & Incoming Mazkir 5779) On the 14th December 1981, the Knesset annexed the Golan Heights. The law simply stated: The Law, jurisdiction and administration of the state shall apply to the Golan Heights… The reaction from the international community was swift. The United Nations Security Council unanimously declared three … Continue reading 1981 – The Golan Heights Law

1980 – Yigal Allon and Linor Abargil

1980 was an exciting year for Israel with three big events happening: 1) Israel established diplomatic relations with their neighbouring country Egypt, 2) The Israeli Lira was replaced by the Shekel and 3) The Jerusalem Law came into place stating that Jerusalem is the capital, protecting the holy sites and preventing the transfer of Jerusalem … Continue reading 1980 – Yigal Allon and Linor Abargil

1979 – Israel/Egypt Peace Treaty

The 1979 Israel-Egypt Peace Treaty, signed by Menachem Begin and Anwar Sadat, made Egypt the first Arab nation to officially recognise the existence of the State of Israel. The key elements of the treaty involved Israel withdrawing from the Sinai desert, and a cessation of hostilities between the two nations. At the time, the treaty … Continue reading 1979 – Israel/Egypt Peace Treaty

1978 – Death of Golda Meir

She was the first female prime minister of Israel. She was called Golda Meir and she died on 8th December 1978. I remember when I was a kid my parents telling me that it was very important that I go see a one woman show with them at the Shaw Theatre called Golda’s Balcony. I … Continue reading 1978 – Death of Golda Meir

1977 – Anwar Sadat

Anwar Sadat, the third President of Egypt, made history in 1977 when he became the first Arab leader to officially visit Israel. On 19 November, Sadat met with Israeli Prime Minister, Menachem Begin, seeking a permanent peace settlement. This was four years after Sadat led Egypt in the Yom Kippur War to regain Egypt’s Sinai … Continue reading 1977 – Anwar Sadat

1976 – Operation Entebbe

On the 27th June 1976, 4 hijackers seized an Air France flight flying from Israel to Paris via Athens with 250 people on board. The hijackers (2 from the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine and 2 from Germany’s Baader-Meinhof gang, plus 3 others) diverted the plane to Entebbe, Uganda where it arrived on … Continue reading 1976 – Operation Entebbe

1975 – Resolution 3379

The United Nations Assembly Resolution 3379 was passed on the 10th November and stated that “Zionism is a form of racism and racial discrimination”. The vote took place following Yasser Arafat’s “olive branch” speech to the general assembly in November 1973, and the resolution was passed a year later with the support of soviet-aligned nations … Continue reading 1975 – Resolution 3379

1974 – The first Rabin administration

In 1974 Yitzhak Rabin was elected to office as prime minster, succeeding Golda Meir after her resignation earlier that year. Rabin would go on to be one of the most influential figures in Israeli-Palestinian peace process during his second term in office starting in 1992 and a symbol of hope for the future; later shattered … Continue reading 1974 – The first Rabin administration

1973 – Yom Kippur War

On Yom Kippur, the Arab and Syrian armies launched an offensive against Israel that was largely seen as a surprise. Israeli intelligence misjudged the timing of the war, and only began calling up reservists at the last minute. Prime Minister Golda Meir refused to launch a pre-emptive strike so as to not to be seen … Continue reading 1973 – Yom Kippur War

1972 – Terror in Munich

In late August and early September, an Israeli team were competing at the Munich Olympics. This was the first time the Olympics had been hosted by Germany since the famous 1936 games. As the 1972 games proceeded, there were tales of individual successes for both Jewish and Israeli athletes. These included Mark Spitz, the Jewish … Continue reading 1972 – Terror in Munich

1971 – Kibbutz El Rom

Kibbutz El Rom was founded in 1971 by a group of chalutzim from the Machanot Olim Zionist Youth Movement. Machanot Olim was the first youth movement with both a Zionist and socialist ideology to be established in Israel, beginning in the Herzliyah Gymnasium School in Tel Aviv in 1929. Although they originally intended to settle … Continue reading 1971 – Kibbutz El Rom

1970 – War of Attrition

The year 1970 marked the end of the War of Attrition fought between Israel and Egypt. The war was sparked by Egyptian President, Gamal Nassar, who attempted to reclaim the Sinai Peninsula from Israel, that was captured during the Six Day War. The War of Attrition was unique in Israeli history as most of it … Continue reading 1970 – War of Attrition

1969 – Golda Meir

1969 was a year nestled in a period of global dynamism. The swinging sixties were drawing to a close, hippy culture was crystallising into the flower-power civil demonstration of People’s Park and the festival at Woodstock, the neoliberal school of economics was beginning to wield significant influence in Western government, and throughout the Middle East … Continue reading 1969 – Golda Meir

1968 – Continuing conflict

On 20 December- Lieutenant-Colonel Zvi Ofer commmander of the elite Haruv unit, former military governor of Nablus and recipient of the Israel medal of valour for the 1962 Nuqeib operation in syria, is killed in action in Wadi Qelt, west of Jericho while in pursuit of militants who had crossed the Jordan river. The IDF … Continue reading 1968 – Continuing conflict

1967 – Six Day War

In 1967 Israel fought its third war with its Arab neighbours. Many in Israel believed this was going to be the final war, were Israel would be wiped off the map and the Jews pushed into the sea. In the months before the Israelis could see that Egypt, Syria and Jordan were planning war. People … Continue reading 1967 – Six Day War

1966 – End of martial law

On 8 November 1966 – The martial law imposed on Israeli Arabs since the founding of the State of Israel was lifted completely and Arab citizens were granted the same rights as Jewish citizens under the law. These laws had restricted travel more than a given distance from a person's registered home, and deported any … Continue reading 1966 – End of martial law

1965 – Breakaway

In 1965 the left-wing political party, Rafi (Israeli Workers list) was founded by David Ben-Gurion, who left Mapi and led a breakaway group of eight members of the Knesset. Even though this party did dissolve in 1968, it was one of the three parties to merge and form the Israeli labour party. Its ideology consisted … Continue reading 1965 – Breakaway

1964 – Water innovation

In 1964, construction on the National Water Carrier was completed, bringing water from Lake Kinneret in the North to the semi-arid south.

1963 – The end of an era

David Ben-Gurion stepped down as prime minister for personal reasons in June 1963. Despite a brief hiatus, it was Ben-Gurion who had led Israeli through its formative decade, through a war and through the foundations of what Israeli society would come to be. Israel’s ‘founding father’ built up state institutions, oversaw the absorption of Jews … Continue reading 1963 – The end of an era

1962 – The execution of Adolf Eichmann

Following his arrest in 1960, Adolf Eichmann was sentenced was sentenced to hang for war crimes, crimes against humanity, and crimes against the Jewish people; eventually bringing him to justice after his involvement in the Holocaust. Eichmann was key in the facilitation of the ‘Final Solution’, and in the coordination of capturing Jewish people and … Continue reading 1962 – The execution of Adolf Eichmann

1961 – The trial of Adolf Eichmann

On April 11th, 1961 the trial of Adolf Eichmann began in Jerusalem, Eichmann having been recently captured by Mossad after going into hiding in Argentina. He was charged on 15 counts of war crimes and crimes against humanity, including responsibility for the enslavement, starvation and murder of millions of Jews, and the deportation of hundreds … Continue reading 1961 – The trial of Adolf Eichmann

1960 – The Capture of Adolf Eichmann

By Adam Stephens (Boger and Madrich) In 1960, the Israeli Mossad carried out an operation that would end in the capture of Adolf Eichmann. The picture above is of a blindfolded Eichmann being led to a plane to bring him to Israel from Argentina to stand trial. Ben Gurion’s decision to capture Eichmann and transport … Continue reading 1960 – The Capture of Adolf Eichmann

1959 – The Carmelit Funicular

By Tammy Sapir The Carmelit is an underground funicular railway and the only subway in Haifa. Construction took three years and finished in 1959. It is currently the only underground transit system until the expected completion of the Tel Aviv Light Rail. It has a line length of 1.8 km and travels at 17 mph

1958 – The Year Israel Went Nuclear

By Vitale Stone (Bogeret and Madricha) What did you do for your 10th birthday? I had a trampolining party, Israel went nuclear. 1958 saw the beginning of the construction of the Negev Nuclear Research Centre, or colloquially, the Dimona reactor, located in the Negev desert about thirteen kilometres outside of the city of Dimona. The … Continue reading 1958 – The Year Israel Went Nuclear

1957 – Strikes at a Textile Factory

By Miriam Clifton (Israel Tour Chanicha 2017) A strike breaks out in the ATA Textile factory, after failed negotiations between the owners and the workers’ representatives over the terms of the workers’ collective agreement and the management intent to fire a percentage of the workers. Despite the attempt of government involvement in ending the dispute … Continue reading 1957 – Strikes at a Textile Factory

1956 – The Suez Crisis

By Daniel Burns (Madrich) The most notable event involving Israel in 1956 was the Suez crisis (also known as the second Arab-Israeli war), in which Egypt attempted to nationalize the Suez canal. The Result of this was an invasion of the Sinai Peninsula, in which Israel occupied Gaza, as well as capturing the straights of … Continue reading 1956 – The Suez Crisis

1955 – Uri Ilan

By Thomas Cohen (Madrich) On the 13th January 1955 Uri Ilan, having been imprisoned by Syrian forces, committed suicide in captivity. Only a month earlier, Ilan, along with four other IDF soldiers, had been entrusted with a secret mission to change the batteries of a wiretapping device across the Israel-Syria armistice line in the Golan … Continue reading 1955 – Uri Ilan

1954 – The Case of Rudolf Kastner

By Jacob Smith (Madrich)   At the beginning of 1954, the construction of Yad Vashem began, just outside Jerusalem. It was to become the biggest holocaust memorial in the world. A key tenet of Yad Vashem was to remember not just those who perished in the holocaust, but those who risked everything to help others … Continue reading 1954 – The Case of Rudolf Kastner

1953 – Israel Prize פרס ישראל

By Toby Kunin (Tour 2017 Chanich)   The first set of Israel prizes are awarded (see here President David Ben Gurion awarding the prize for Social Sciences to Mark Dvorzhetski on Yom Haatzmaut 1953). Awarded annually in the presence of the President, Prime Minister and Supreme Court Chief Justice, the prize is the highest civilian … Continue reading 1953 – Israel Prize פרס ישראל

1952 – A Family Story

By Guy Pollack (Boger, Drachimnik and Mazkir 5777) While 1952 was a busy year in Israel’s history, seeing the Reparations Agreement between Israel and West Germany signed, the death of President Chaim Weizmann and the election of Yitzhak Ben-Zvi as the second president of the State of Israel, I would like to take a journey … Continue reading 1952 – A Family Story

1951 – The Hula Valley

By Miki Friend (Bogeret & Madricha) The Jordan River feeds water into Lake Hula, previously a swamp and a feeding ground for birds migrating from Africa to Asia, was a problem for Israel due to its inability yield crops. In the early 1900s a plan was made to drain the swamps in order to make … Continue reading 1951 – The Hula Valley

1950 – The Law of Return

By Hannah Arnaud (Bogeret & Madricha) On the 5th of July 1950, the Knesset ratified חֹוק הַשְׁבוּת‬, (the law of return). This is the law that allows any Jewish person to settle in the land of Israel and become an Israeli citizen. I have chosen to think about this event because it goes some way … Continue reading 1950 – The Law of Return

1949 – Election of the First Knesset

By Bz Gilinsky (Boger & Rosh)   Probably the most important event in 1949 is the election of the First Knesset, as highlighted by the picture above, where a woman weighs up some of the options open to her at the ballot box. This somewhat lacks the drama of the establishment of the State of … Continue reading 1949 – Election of the First Knesset

1948 – Declaration of Independence

By Leo Style (Boger & Madrich) 15th May 1948 David Ben-Gurion declares independence for the State of Israel underneath a picture of the founder of political Zionism, Theodore Herzl. This year represented the beginning of Israel’s short, arduous and eventful journey towards being the most liberal democracy in the Middle East, providing Israeli’s and diaspora … Continue reading 1948 – Declaration of Independence